Most Egyptians consider Alexandria as the perfect getaway due to its nearness and fantastic weather year-round. However, this city is not only favored by Egyptians; people from all around the world love to visit it for its awesome location by the Mediterranean Sea and breathtaking attractions. If you’re in Cairo, you’re only a three-hour drive away from Alexandria, so let’s dig deeper into the top 10 attractions in this beautiful city.
The Library of Alexandria is one of Egypt's most important landmarks and the cultural center of the city. It is home to one of the biggest libraries in the modern world and numerous museums that can help you explore the history and heritage of Alexandria. The architecture revolves around a huge sun disk towering over the Cornish waterfront. Inside, there is a huge main building that has a reading room with 8 million books. However, the main tourist attraction is the beautifully picked exhibition space below the main building.
This is one of the oldest Islamic monuments and the most important tourist attraction in Alexandria, which receives large numbers of tourists throughout the year. This castle was built by Sultan “Ashraf Seif al-Din Qaitbay” on the Mediterranean coast in the same place as the old minaret, which was destroyed during an old powerful earthquake. The castle was fortified with high walls, about 4 meters high and about 2 meters wide. Although the castle had gone through some destruction when Britain occupied Egypt, the Committee for the Conservation of Arab Antiquities restored it in 1904.
Catacombs of Kom el-Shuqqafa
The ancient place in Kom El Shoqafa is a mixture of Pharaonic, Roman, and Greek art that contain some artifacts and many tombs and statues. They have been discovered when a donkey fell into one of the tombs at a distance of 12 meters and when searching for it, these tombs were found. These tombs have three levels; the first and second levels were reached after lowering the groundwater level. However, the third level has not been reached yet because of the presence of artifacts submerged under the groundwater.
The Roman Theater
This is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in Alexandria, which dates back to the Roman era and is located in Kom El-Dikka. The theater was discovered by coincidence when the tomb of "Alexander the Great" was being searched. The theater consists of 13 steps made of marble and takes the shape of the letter “U.” The steps were numbered in Greek in an ascending order to arrange the seating that can hold up to 600 people.
The underwater cities are among the most beautiful places in Egypt, where you can participate in a group diving trip to see the ruins of the underwater cities of Heraklion and Canopus that date back to the Greco-Roman era. You will also see some relics dating back to the ancient Pharaonic era, such as the remains of the Temple of Isis, according to the immortal legend of Isis and Osiris, and Cleopatra's Palace.
Visitors come from all over the world to see the strength of its construction and its towering height. The pillar dates back to the Roman era in memory of Emperor “Diocletian”, who saved the people of Alexandria from the revolution set up by the leader “Achilles.” So, they built this pillar to thank the emperor who restored stability and peace to the city.
Alexandria National Museum
The Alexandria National Museum was built in Italian style as it was owned by a wealthy Italian man at first. The American Embassy then bought the palace in 1954 and the Supreme Council of Antiquities bought it in 1996 and began to restore it until it was opened in 2003.
The Alexandria National Museum includes almost 1,800 artifacts from all ancient and modern times. These artifacts were brought from many museums throughout Egypt, such as the Coptic Museum in Cairo, the Islamic Museum, the Greek and Roman Museum, and others to represent the Egyptian civilization.
The gardens are located around the Montazah Palace, which was built by King Helmy II as a hunting lodge then was turned into a family summer house by King Fuad. These gardens view five beaches: Venice Beach, Cleopatra, Semiramis, Aida, and the private beach of Palestine Hotel. The beautifully designed Montazah Palace, with its lavish Florentine-inspired towers, is not open to the public, but you can still stroll within the gardens to enjoy the beauty of nature.
It is a large park that was established on an area of 8 acres and contains a group of terrain, three lakes, a number of rare trees and plants, and some artificial waterfalls. It is was famous for the artistic and recreational parties that were held in it in the past. Later, the garden was turned into a large cultural center that includes a library containing a collection of valuable scientific and artistic books in many fields. The park is divided into 5 different sections that are named after famous artists and intellectuals.
This is considered one of the most important tourist attractions in Alexandria. It overlooks the Mediterranean coast and extends from “Ras El-Tin” to “Al-Montazah Palace.” It was built in the early 20th century and is usually crowded with tourists and locals in the summer because of the moderate weather, calm sea, and splendid scenery.